**Oxford’s Very Short Introductions series **offers concise and original introductions to a wide range of subjects — from Islam to Mathematics, Politics to Classics, and Literary Theory to History. Not only a textbook of definitions, but each volume also provides trenchant, provocative, balanced discussions of the central issues in a given topic.

### How many Oxford’s Very Short Introductions are there?

The series began in 1995, and today there are around 700 titles published. Oxford’s Very Short Introductions range from worth reading to wonderfully appealing. They’re well written by leaders in their area, thought-provoking, and insightful. Expert authors curated facts, analysis, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make often challenging topics highly readable. Whatever the area of study, whatever the topic that fascinates the reader, the series has a handy and affordable guide that will likely prove indispensable.

With over 700 titles, many more in development, and regularly updated new editions, the series constantly evolves to reflect a contemporary readership. Whatever your area of study, whatever the topic that fascinates you, the series is an indispensable and accessible guide that will enrich your understanding.

Since I absolutely love Oxford’s Very Short Introductions series, and they are extremely informative books, I decided to curate 40+ the best books from Oxford’s Very Short Introductions series. They will make a useful addition to your bookshelf.

If you like this list, you should definitely check out **73 Beautiful Books from the MIT Press Essential Knowledge Series.**

Get ready to uncover the fascinating journey of mathematics in Jacqueline Stedall’s The History of Mathematics: A Very Short Introduction. In this concise but comprehensive book, Stedall explores themes of progress, failure, and the collaboration between mathematicians throughout history.

Unlike traditional linear approaches, Stedall takes a wider perspective, encompassing the contributions of mathematicians from all corners of the world, including the well-documented era of post-15th century Western European mathematics.

By delving into the scarcity and format of historical sources, Stedall reveals the cultural context behind mathematical development. One standout example is the ancient Babylonian clay tablets, which not only provide insights into mathematical calculations but also offer a glimpse into the curriculum of that time.

Stedall also highlights the importance of appreciating historical works in their original form, cautioning against overly compressed translations that may diminish the significance of unfamiliar ideas.

**The History of Mathematics: A Very Short Introduction** offers a fascinating insight into the shift from geometric to algebraic representation in the 17th century, challenging the perception that mathematics was always intended to be visually interpreted.

Stedall contrasts the Euclidean axiomatic approach with the more sporadic methods prevalent from the 2nd century BC to the 19th century AD. She also explores the development of calculus, showcasing its functional yet non-axiomatic nature.

The book sheds light on the dichotomy between everyday mathematics and the revered mathematicians of ancient times, who were sought after for their expertise in setting religious dates and were supported by influential figures of their era.

From the establishment of professional societies and academic structures to the collegiality of European mathematicians in the 17th and 18th centuries, Stedall paints a vivid picture of the social cohesion within the field. This tradition continues to this day.

**The History of Mathematics: A Very Short Introduction** tackles major historical issues in mathematics while remaining accessible to non-specialists. Prepare to be captivated by this compact yet impactful exploration of mathematics.

The Sun, as our nearest star, is crucial for life on Earth because it provides the warm radiation and light necessary for the evolution of complex life. The Sun has a significant impact on our climate, and solar storms and other high-energy occurrences can pose a threat to satellites and our communication network.

This Very Short Introduction covers the knowledge we currently have on the Sun’s physics, structure, history, and future evolution. Philip Judge uses simple physics and mathematical ideas to explain some of the remaining mysteries surrounding the Sun that we are still unable to solve. Why do sun spots develop? How come it flares? He demonstrates how these and other bothersome issues are related to the Sun’s continuously fluctuating magnetism, which transforms an otherwise uninteresting star into a device for bombarding extraterrestrial space with fluctuating radiation, and high-energy particles, and magnetic ejections. Judge emphasizes the several factors that make the Sun significant and explains why researchers study it throughout.

How much faith should we place in what scientists tell us? Is it possible for scientific knowledge to be fully “objective?” What, really, can be defined as science? In the second edition of this Very Short Introduction, Samir Okasha explores the main themes and theories of the contemporary philosophy of science. He investigates fascinating, challenging questions such as these.

Starting at the very beginning, with a concise overview of the history of science, Okasha examines the nature of fundamental practices such as reasoning, causation, and explanation. Looking at scientific revolutions and the issue of scientific change, he asks whether there is a discernible pattern to how scientific ideas change over time and discusses realist versus anti-realist attitudes towards science. He finishes by considering science today and the social and ethical philosophical questions surrounding modern science.

“This book’s goal is to carefully but untechnically illustrate the distinctions between high-level, research-level mathematics and the kind of mathematics we learn in school. Readers of this book will leave with a deeper grasp of seemingly counterintuitive ideas like infinity, curved space, and imaginary numbers since the most fundamental distinctions are philosophical. The opening chapters discuss general facets of mathematical theory. Following these are talks of more specialized subjects, and the book concludes with a chapter that addresses frequently asked social concerns concerning the mathematical community, such as “Is it true that mathematicians burn out at the age of 25?” Anyone who wants to better grasp mathematics should start with this introduction.”

What are dreams, and what triggers them? Why do dreams seem so bizarre, and why is it so difficult to remember them? J. Allan Hobson presents a fresh and increasingly comprehensive understanding of how dreaming is produced by the brain, replacing the mysticism surrounding dreams with contemporary dream science. This book examines how the new science of dreaming is influencing psychoanalytical views and how it is improving our comprehension of the origins of mental illness, focusing on dreams to explain the mechanisms of sleep.

J. Allan Hobson explores his own dreams to demonstrate and explain some of the remarkable findings of contemporary sleep science and cast doubt on some of the widely-held notions about the significance of dreams. He explains why we go crazy in our dreams to prevent doing so when we are awake, how dreaming preserves and develops the intellect, and why sleep is necessary for health and life.

This book introduces readers to the science of human intelligence for those who know little or nothing about it and helps them reach the point where they can evaluate the basic issues of mental capacity for themselves. Each chapter discusses an important scientific topic but does so in an engaging and perfectly understandable manner. Discussed topics include whether there are several types of intelligence, if environmental factors such as genes or environment have a role in intelligence disparities, the biological foundation of cognitive levels and whether intelligence decreases with age.

From infancy to the beginnings of puberty, this Very Short Introduction provides a current, trustworthy, and intelligible summary of modern child psychology. Usha Goswami explores the bonding and attachment process from infancy on, showing how secure attachments encourage the development of self-awareness. Goswami examines how infants and toddlers understand the natural, biological, and social environments and how they acquire sophisticated skills like morality and language. He also looks at cognitive reasoning and language acquisition.

Goswami emphasizes the value of sibling relationships and early friendships for psychological growth by illustrating how a child’s learning is influenced by their environment, including those at home, school, peers, and society. By explaining the foundational theories in child psychology, Goswami demonstrates why children develop the way they do and how society could better enhance their development throughout the adolescent years.

Jonathan Slack examines the discovery, nature, and function of genes in both evolution and development in this investigation of the idea of the gene. Slack emphasizes how DNA variants are used to trace human ancestry and migration and can also be used by forensic scientists to identify suspects in crimes. She explains the nature of genetic variation in the human population, how hereditary factors were identified as molecules of DNA, and how certain specific mutations can lead to disease. Slack also examines topics like the relationship between intelligence and genetic heredity, as well as changes that take place in populations’ genes during evolution.

This Very Short Introduction shows how the gene concept has been understood and applied by molecular biologists, population biologists, and social scientists around the world. It is the perfect introduction for anyone interested in what genes are and how genetics may be used.

Mathematics is often considered a daunting subject, filled with complex equations and formulae. But what if you could learn about the practical application of mathematics in a fun and accessible way? This is precisely what Applied Mathematics: A Very Short Introduction offers. Written by mathematician and theoretical physicist, Alain Goriely, this book provides readers with a glimpse into the fascinating world of applied mathematics.

The book, part of the Oxford University Press’ Very Short Introduction series, **is designed for anyone with a basic understanding of calculus and physics.** However, what sets it apart is its engaging approach to presenting complex topics. Goriely shares his personal journey of initially dismissing applied mathematics but later realizing its beauty and importance. Enthusiastically, he attempts to define the subject through three main components: modeling, theory, and methods, which are discussed in detail in the book.

Applied Mathematics: A Very Short Introduction is divided into nine chapters, each focusing on different examples and tools used in applied mathematics, such as dimensional analysis and differential equations. Readers will learn about the role of mathematics in fields like mechanics, biology, and finance. The book also touches upon modern issues in applied mathematics, including data analysis and the study of networks.

One of the most intriguing aspects of Applied Mathematics: A Very Short Introduction is the author’s ability to make abstract concepts tangible. Take, for example, modeling. Goriely explains how this process allows scientists to create simplified representations of complex systems, making them easier to understand. He goes into detail on how models are created, tested, and refined to ensure their accuracy. The chapter on differential equations is equally riveting, demonstrating how this mathematical tool is integral to understanding everything from the spread of disease to the optimal angle for a ski jump.

What makes Applied Mathematics: A Very Short Introduction so special is its ability to engage readers regardless of their mathematical background. **Even those who may have found calculus or physics intimidating in school will find the book approachable and even enjoyable.** Goriely’s writing style is engaging and he uses real-world examples to illustrate challenging concepts, helping readers to understand and appreciate the beauty of applied mathematics.

In conclusion, Applied Mathematics: A Very Short Introduction is a must-read for anyone interested in mathematics and its practical applications. This book is not only informative but also engaging, providing readers with a glimpse into the exciting world of applied mathematics. Despite being part of a series of short books, this one delves deep into the topic, providing an overview that is both accessible and enjoyable. Whether you are a student, researcher, or just someone looking to learn something new, Applied Mathematics: A Very Short Introduction is definitely worth a read.

What is the issue? The material from which we and everything else in the world are produced is called matter. A million atoms may fit across the width of a human hair, yet everything around us, including desks, books, and even our own bodies, is formed of atoms. Every atom contains a small nucleus surrounded by a circling cloud of electrons. By enlarging the image, you can see that the protons and neutrons that make up the nucleus also contain even smaller particles called quarks. The quarks are the essential building blocks of physics that have been since the Big Bang, or roughly 14 billion years ago, and are the smallest particles known to exist, along with electrons. All normal stuff is composed of 92 different chemical elements created billions of years ago during the Big Bang, inside stars, and in ferocious stellar explosions.

This Very Short Introduction takes us on tour through plasmas, exotic forms of quantum matter, and antimatter from the human scale of matter in the familiar everyday forms of solids, liquids, and gases. Gravity shapes matter on the biggest scales into planets, stars, galaxies, and enormous clusters of galaxies. However, the total amount of matter that we typically come into contact with is only 5% of the total amount of matter that exists. Dark matter and dark energy are the mystery substances that make up the remaining 95%. Dark energy and dark matter are both required to account for the acceleration of the universe’s expansion that has been observed. Dark matter prevents galaxies from falling apart. Geoff Cottrell examines the most recent findings in matter research and demonstrates how much we still don’t understand about the constituents of our cosmos.