How to Make Pendulum Wave Toy

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pendulum is a hanging weight that swings back and forth, like the swinging arm on a grandfather clock or a swing on a playground. When you pull a swing – or any pendulum – up to one side, gravity tugs it back down. But since the swing is attached by a rope or chain, it doesn’t just drop to the ground. Instead, it swings back and forth, over and over. But what happens when you have a bunch of different-sized pendulums swinging together? Make this mesmerizing pendulum wave toy to find out!

Ingredients:

  1. Foam core
  2. Craft knife
  3. Dowels (5)
  4. Pencil
  5. Rubber bands (4)
  6. String
  7. Round beads (~12)
  8. Scissors

STEP 1

how to make Pendulum Wave Toy 1
Gather your materials. 

STEP 2

how to make Pendulum Wave Toy 2
Cut the foam core into the shape of the letter “I” about 8½ inches wide and 11 inches tall. 

STEP 3

how to make Pendulum Wave Toy 3
Cut two short strips from the leftover foam core.

STEP 4

how to make Pendulum Wave Toy 4
Poke a hole in each corner of the “I” with a pencil. Then, use the pencil to widen them.

STEP 5

how to make Pendulum Wave Toy 5
Poke a hole in both ends of the strip with a pencil. Then, use the pencil to widen them. 

STEP 6

how to make Pendulum Wave Toy 6
Stick one dowel into each hole in the “I”. 

STEP 7

how to make Pendulum Wave Toy 7
Push the small strips on top of the four dowels.

STEP 8

how to make Pendulum Wave Toy 8
Lay one dowel across the top and secure it with four rubber bands. 

STEP 9

how to make Pendulum Wave Toy 9
Tie about 18 inches of string to each bead. 

STEP 10

how to make Pendulum Wave Toy 10
Tie the first bead to the dowel.

STEP 11

how to make Pendulum Wave Toy 11
Tie each consecutive bead to the dowel, tying each bead a little bit lower than the one before it. Make sure the beads are evenly spaced apart. 

STEP 12

how to make Pendulum Wave Toy 12
Push the beads out with an extra piece of foam core. Then, let go and observe what happens!

STEP 13

how to make Pendulum Wave Toy 13
How to Make Pendulum Wave Toy 14

As the pendulums swing back and forth, they make amazing patterns. That’s because each pendulum has a slightly different period, which is the time it takes to complete a full swing. Think of the “tick-tock” of a grandfather clock. That’s a period!

A pendulum’s period is set by how long its string is. A long pendulum has a long period, meaning it takes a long time to swing back and forth. A shorter pendulum has a shorter period, so it swings faster.

Because the strings go from long to short on the pendulum toy, so do the periods of the pendulums. That means each pendulum swings a little bit faster than the one before it. So because you release them at the same time and height, their different speeds make them go in and out of sync. They swing together, then move in waves, and sometimes look completely chaotic!

DIY Details

Source

Avg. Duration

2 hours

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