The Disquisitiones Arithmeticae by Carl Friedrich Gauss, a seminal work in the field of mathematics, has had a lasting impact on the subject. Published in 1801, it not only represented a significant breakthrough in number theory but also served as a starting point for many other European mathematicians of the 19th century. Furthermore, its influence continued well into the 20th century. A particularly impressive aspect of the work is the way it illustrates complex theorems through easily relatable numerical examples. It is also noteworthy that this was one of the last great mathematical works to be written in scholarly Latin. The Disquisitiones Arithmeticae is truly a masterpiece of mathematical literature that deserves to be appreciated by scholars and mathematicians alike.

Carl Friedrich Gauss