If you’re a history buff, you’re probably familiar with Ibn Khaldûn’s The Muqaddimah. This book is not your average run-of-the-mill history book. Rather, it’s a thought-provoking exploration of the circular nature of history and how societies rise and fall. Written in the 14th century, it’s astounding to see how relevant many of Ibn Khaldûn’s ideas are to modern times. He covers various topics, from geography’s impact on civilization to religion’s role in history. Overall, The Muqaddimah is a fascinating read for those looking to deepen their understanding of the past and how it shapes the present.