Hypatia was one of the first women to study mathematics and astronomy. She rose to become the Platonist school head in Alexandria, but her pioneering life ended in tragedy: zealots murdered her during a period of religious strife. Some consider her death at the end of classical scholarship.
Maryam Mirzakhani was an Iranian mathematician and a professor of mathematics at Stanford University. Her research topics included Teichmüller theory, hyperbolic geometry, ergodic theory, and symplectic geometry.