Physics defined the twentieth century. From the minds of the world’s leading physicists, there flowed a river of ideas that would transport humanity to the pinnacle of wonderment and the very depths of human despair. This century began with the certainties of absolute knowledge and ended with the knowledge of complete uncertainty. It was a century in which physicists developed weapons with the capacity to destroy our reality while at the same time denying us the possibility that we could ever properly comprehend it.
Almost everything we think we know about the nature of our world comes from one theory of physics. This theory was discovered and refined in the first thirty years of the twentieth century and became quite simply the most successful theory of physics ever devised. Its concepts underpin much twenty-first-century technology that we have learned to take for granted. But its success has come at a price, for it has at the same time completely undermined our ability to make sense of the world at the level of its most fundamental constituents.
Rejecting the fundamental elements of uncertainty and chance implied by quantum theory, Albert Einstein famously declared that ‘God does not play dice. Niels Bohr claimed that anybody who is not shocked by the theory had not understood it. The charismatic American physicist Richard Feynman went further: he claimed that nobody understands it.
This is quantum theory, and this book tells its story. Jim Baggott presents a celebration of this wonderful yet wholly disconcerting theory, with a history, told in forty episodes — significant moments of truth or turning points in the theory’s development. From its birth in the porcelain furnaces used to study black body radiation in 1900 to the promise of stimulating new quantum phenomena revealed by CERN’s Large Hadron Collider over a hundred years later, this is the extraordinary story of the quantum world.